autumn 2022
TEK-3014 Navigation Technology - 10 ECTS

Application deadline

Applicants from Nordic countries: 1 June for the autumn semester and 1 December for the spring semester. Exchange students and Fulbright students: 1 October for the spring semester and 15 April for the autumn semester. 

Type of course

The course may be taken as a singular course.

Admission requirements

The course requires a bachelor in nautical science, or other equivalent qualifications. 9371.

Course content

Radio technology

  • Antenna /aerial theory, with focus on application
  • Modulation methods
  • Radio frequency- and effect spectrum
  • Signal to noise ratio (SNR)

Sensors and reference-systems (applications, limitations and design)

  • All relevant GNSS systems, including augmentation methods.
  • Systems and methods of heading and attitude determination.
  • Radio- and optical systems for terrestrial positioning on short and long ranges.
  • Remote sensing

Inertial navigation system (INS) with motion sensors (accelerometers) and rotation sensors (gyroscopes).

  • Related terms are; inertial guidance system, inertial reference platform, inertial measurement units (IMU).
  • Coordinate systems

Advanced signal-filtering technology

Integrated sensors

  • Integrated sensor-systems for navigation, motion reference unit (MRU).

Dynamic Positioning (DP) with focus on the control system

Safe navigation

  • Anti-collision systems
  • Human factors in navigation
  • The navigator as a system manager, choosing system pre-sets, interpreting system output and monitoring vessel response.
  • Man-machine-interaction problems; e.g. human-out-of-the-loop connected to the automation problem.
  • Reflection on safe navigation for and safe voyage, e.g. how to use all navigation aids in light of system and human limitations.

Navigation technology in the future

  • Autonomous operations
  • Human in the loop
  • Enhanced safety in navigation from an autonomous perspective
  • Digitalization in the future navigation technologies

Objectives of the course

After successfully completing the course the students have the following learning outcome;


The student has…

  • An overview of the principles in basic and advanced radio technology.
  • A thorough knowledge and understanding of limitations and design principles of maritime navigation technology and different sensors.
  • An overview of the principles in different inertial navigation systems and how these can be physically modelled.
  • A thorough knowledge and understanding of the use of integrated sensors in navigation technology.
  • Understanding of man-machine-interaction problems related to the performance of navigation.
  • An overview of the principles of dynamic positioning (DP) and a thorough understanding of how the control system operates.
  • Thorough knowledge of signal filtering and predictions.
  • Knowledge about navigation instruments and decision support systems as a part of advanced navigation technology.


The student is:

  • Able to carry out and make use of existing knowledge and theories of different navigational technology.
  • Able to understand and evaluate the different systems limitations and their range of applications.
  • Able to understand inertial navigation systems - and integrated sensors.
  • Able to understand the limitations and the possibilities of an automated vessel.
  • Able to understand and describe the process of signal filtering in advanced navigation technology.
  • Able to discuss future trends in navigation.

General competence

The student is:

  • Able to utilize navigation technology in various operational settings, with use of appropriate theories to identify possibilities and limitations, with aim of safe and sustainable navigation.
  • Able to analyse and optimise control systems, for the benefit of sustainability and safety.
  • Able, through analysis of the variety of different sensors, signal transmissions and decision support systems, to operate and design projects that meets the demand for high quality in navigation and maritime operations.

Language of instruction and examination


Teaching methods

Lectures, group-work, self-studies and laboratory assignments.

Information to incoming exchange students

The course requires a bachelor in nautical science, or other equivalent qualifications.


Examination: Date: Duration: Grade scale:
School exam 02.12.2022 09:00
5 Hours A–E, fail F

Coursework requirements:

To take an examination, the student must have passed the following coursework requirements:

Compulsory exercises and laboratory assignments Approved – not approved
UiT Exams homepage

More info about the coursework requirements

2-3 compulsory exercises and/or laboratory assignments must be approved to get exam admission.

Re-sit examination

Students having failed the last ordinary examination will be offered a re-sit exam early in the following semester. 
  • About the course
  • Campus: Tromsø |
  • ECTS: 10
  • Course code: TEK-3014
  • Tidligere år og semester for dette emnet