Master Isabel Nadine Jensen holder prøveforelesning over oppgitt emne for ph.d.-graden i humaniora og samfunnsvitenskap, fagområde språkvitenskap.
"Controversies surrounding the critical period hypothesis"
Publikum kan også se prøveforelesningen digitalt ved å følge denne lenken:
Disputasen holdes samme dag kl. 11.15, hvor det vil være offentlig forsvar av avhandlingen:
"Crosslinguistic influence in third language acquisition."
Populærvitenskapelig sammendrag av avhandlingen:
In this dissertation, crosslinguistic influence in third language (L3) acquisition is investigated in three articles that explore how linguistic variables affect the influence of pre-existing grammars. The goal is to contribute to novel insights about the cognitive process of language acquisition.
We collected data in offline acceptability judgements tasks. In articles 1 and 2, we tested Norwegian–English bilinguals who were exposed to an artificial L3. In article 3, we tested Russian–Norwegian bilinguals who had been instructed in English for five–six years. We analysed the data by means of mixed-effects modelling.
The results show that L3ers are influenced by both pre-existing languages, at early and intermediate stages. At intermediate stages, we documented both facilitative and non-facilitative influence. We clearly see that the source of the influence is affected by similarities between the L3 and pre-existing grammars, but we find no indications of wholesale transfer. We argue that the results reflect a complex learning situation in which candidate structures from both pre-existing languages are co-activated and compete for the overall best fit to the L3 input. The goodness of fit of a given structure determines the level of activation and consequently, the influence on the target interlanguage.
Avhandlingen er tilgjengelig i Munin.
Professor emeritus ph.d. Michael Sharwood Smith, University of Edinburgh (førsteopponent)
Professor ph.d. Magdalena Wrembel, Adam Mickiewicz University (andreopponent)
Førsteamanuensis ph.d. Vincent DeLuca, UiT Norges arktiske universitet
Instituttleder Gustav J. Pedersen, institutt for språk og kultur, UiT Norges arktiske universitet i Tromsø.