Disputas - Master of Science Johannes Lohse
Master of Science Johannes Lohse will Friday March 12th at 14:15 PM publically defend his thesis for the PhD degree in Science
Title of the thesis:
«On Automated Classification of Sea Ice Types in SAR Imagery»
Popular scientific abstract:
With the Arctic sea ice continuously decreasing in both extent and thickness, fast and robust production of reliable ice charts becomes more important to ensure the safety of Arctic operations. This thesis focuses on the development of automated algorithms for the mapping of sea ice from synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images. It presents a thorough background on the topics of sea ice observations and ice charting, sea ice image classification, and the appearance of sea ice in SAR imagery. Three papers present the scientific developments in the thesis.
Paper 1 focuses on the topic of feature selection. The study investigates the benefits of splitting a multi-class problem into several binary problems and selecting different feature sets specifically tailored towards these binary problems. Using a combination of classification accuracy and sequential search algorithms, the best order of classification steps and the optimal feature set for each class are found and combined into a numerically optimized decision tree. The method is tested on various examples, including an airborne, multi-frequency SAR data set over sea ice, and compared to traditional classification approaches.
Paper 2 and 3 focus on the classification of Sentinel-1 (S1) wide-swath SAR images. Both papers use a newly generated training and validation data set for different sea ice types, which is is based on the visual analysis of overlapping S1 SAR and optical data. A particular challenge for the automated analysis of wide-swath SAR images is the surface-type dependent variation of backscatter intensity with incident angle (IA). In Paper 2, a novel method to directly incorporate this per-class IA effect into a classification algorithm is developed. Paper 3 investigates the IA dependence of texture features and extends the algorithm from Paper 2 to include textural information, in order to solve the ambiguities inherent in a classifier based on intensity only.
The thesis is published in Munin and is available at: https://munin.uit.no/handle/10037/20606
- Associate Professor Anthony Doulgeris, Department of Physics and Technology, UiT (main supervisor)
- Researcher Wolfgang Dierking, Department of Physics and Technology
- Professor John Yackel, Department of Geography, University of Calgary, Canada (1. Opponent)
- Dr. Natalia Zakhvatkina, Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (AARI) and Nansen International Environmental and Remote Sensing Centre (NIERSC), Russia (2. Opponent)
- Dr. Jack Landy, Department of Physics and Technology, UiT (internal member and leader of the committee)
Both opponents will participate remotely to the defence.
Leader of the public defense:
The leader of the public defense is Professor Camilla Brekke , Vice-Dean Research, Faculty of Science and Technology, UiT.
Opposition ex auditorio:
If you have any questions for the candidate during the public defence, please send an e-mail to the leader of the public defence. They will announce the questions during the defence.
The trial lecture is held Thursday March 11th at 14:15 AM in the same auditorium.
Title of the trial lecture: «Atmospheric and oceanic drivers of Arctic sea ice decline since the turn of the century»
The defense and trial lecture will be streamed via Mediasite:
UiT follows the national guidelines regarding infection control. A maximum of 20 people are allowed in the auditorium during the defence, as long as everybody keeps a distance of 1 meter at all times.