Master of public health. Olga Alexandrovna Kharkova disputerer for ph.d.-graden i helsevitenskap og vil offentlig forsvare avhandlingen:
«Changes in smoking behavior during pregnancy: prevalence and effect on selected adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. The Murmansk County Birth Registry study»
Kort sammendrag av avhandlingen:
The registry-based study with data from the Murmansk County Birth Registry demonstrated that 25.2 % of women smoked before pregnancy, and 18.9 % of these continued smoking during pregnancy. Primiparous women with higher education or those having a husband are more likely to stop smoking during pregnancy. Maternal smoking was inversely associated with Preeclampsia/eclampsia (P/E). The number of cigarettes smoked daily during pregnancy decreased the odds of P/E. However, the women who quitted smoking during pregnancy had the same risk of P/E as those who smoked while pregnant. Compared to non-smokers, the women who stopped smoking during the first trimester were at no higher risk of having a baby with adverse birth outcomes, including low birth weight, low birth length, low head circumference, low ponderal index, or low Apgar score at 5 min. Of special interest is that smoking reduction during pregnancy was not associated with a reduction in the adverse birth outcomes examined.
Hovedveileder professor Jon Øyvind Odland, Institutt for samfunnsmedisin, UiT Norges arktiske universitet
Biveileder Senior advisor, dr.med. Andrej Grjibovski, Northern State Medical University
1. opponent: professor Anna-Karin Wickstrøm, Klinisk medisin og enhet for klinisk epidemiologi, Universitetet i Uppsala
2. opponent: professor Rolv Terje Lie, Institutt for global helse og samfunnsmedisin, UiB
Leder av komite: postdoktor Therese Haugdal Nøst , Institutt for samfunnsmedisin, UiT- Norges arktiske universitet
Førsteamanuensis Tordis Trovik, Institutt for samfunnsmedisin, UiT - Norges arktiske universitet
Prøveforelesning over oppgitt emne holdes kl. 10.15, samme sted:
"The effects of cigarette smoking on the pregnant woman and developing fetus: the pathophysiology"