Disputas – cand.san. Hege Selnes Haugdahl

Cand.san. Hege Selnes Haugdahl disputerer for ph.d.-graden i helsevitenskap og vil offentlig forsvare avhandlingen:

“Mechanical ventilation and weaning: Roles and competencies of intensive care nurses and patients' experiences of breathing”

Kort sammendrag av avhandlingen:

Breathlessness is an under-recognized problem in intensive care. The overall aims of this study were to explore the roles and competencies of nurses in mechanical ventilation (MV) and weaning, and to explore patients’ experiences of breathing during and after mechanical ventilation. A multimethod design included: survey data from leaders in Norwegian ICUs, interviews and field observations of intensive care nurses in concrete weaning situations, a prospective observational study of 100 mechanically ventilated patients’ self report of breathlessness and, a qualitatively driven sequential mixed method design combining prospective observational breathlessness data during MV and data from follow-up interviews. We found that breathlessness was prevalent among mechanically ventilated patients (62%), and underestimated by nurses and physicians, regardless of expertise or experiences. MV patients’ experiences of breathing were not necessarily a separate experience, but intertwined with the whole illness experience and existential dimensions of life. The nurses’ roles in MV and weaning are their continuous presence and vigilance detection of early changes in the patients’ condition. To acknowledge the presence and impact of breathlessness seems important. Knowing the patient and facilitating well-being was a crucial part of competence in weaning and opened up for establishing trust and confidence, which were necessary to reach into the patients’ world and “pull” the patient back to life, to the “here and now”. This “pulling” was connected to “pushing” the patient further in the weaning process. A potential link between breathlessness and post-intensive care syndrome is an argument for patients’ own reports of breathing to form part of nursing interventions and follow up supporting the patients’ quest for meaning. To enhance the quality of care in MV and weaning, intensive care nurses have an important role in the interprofessional team in order to discuss, reflect and learn how to assess and respond to patients’ experiences of breathing.
 
(Avhandlingen er tilgjengelig for utlån hos Seksjon for forskningstjenester frem til disputasdato)

Veiledere
Førsteamanuensis Sissel Lisa Storli (hovedveileder)      
Professor Pål Klepstad (biveileder)

Bedømmelseskomiteen
Professor Britt Sætre Hansen, Institutt for Helsefag, Samfunnsvitenskapelig Fakultet, Stavanger Universitet, Norge – 1. opponent
Professor Anders Larsson, Institutionen för Kirurgiska Vetenskaper, avdelingen för Anestesi och Intensivvård, Uppsala Universitet, Sverige – 2. opponent
Førsteamanuensis Gabriele Kitzmüller, Institutt for helse- og omsorgsfag Campus Narvik, Det helsevitenskapelige fakultet, UiT, Norges arktiske Universitet, Norge – leder av komité

Disputasleder
Professor Nina Emaus, Institutt for helse- og omsorgsfag, Det helsevitenskapelige fakultet, Universitetet i Tromsø – Norges arktiske universitet

Prøveforelesning over oppgitt emne holdes kl. 11:15, samme sted:

“Hermeneutikk som brobygger mellom naturvitenskap og fenomenologi - hvordan kan hermeneutikken hjelpe oss å forstå pasienterfaringer og sykepleiehandlinger i forbindelse med respiratoravvenning”

Få utskriftsvennlig versjon ved å trykke på denne
Informasjon
Når: 21. oktober 2016 kl. 13.15–16.00
Hvor: Sykehuset i Levanger
Studiested: Annet
Målgruppe: alle
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