This research group focuses on multiple challenges around understanding and addressing "grey zone" or hybrid threats and warfare. We explore both the ways in which these concepts are defined and understood, as well as what and how different threats are perceived, from individual, society, to state and international levels. Our research themes include: "People," "Geopolitics," "Law," and "Technology." We address different ways of managing possible threats, crises and warfare including local preparedness and societal trust, national preparedness strategies, Total Defense, and Whole-of Government and Comprehensive Approaches. We are interested in understanding the complexities of a wide-ranging threat picture from the use of disinformation and psychological/information operations, to cyber attacks on infrastructure, to military incursions, resulting in the targeting of trust and security in societies.
Identity, Stability, Hybrid Threats and Disinformation – By Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv, Jane Freedman & Velomahanina Tahinjanahary Razakamaharavo. Click here to read
Trust, Distrust, and Security: An Untrustworthy Immigrant in a Trusting Community – By Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv, Ali Bilgic & Cathy Wilcock. Click here to read
Russia's Critical Infrastructure Policy: What Do We Know About It? – By Christer Pursiainen. Click here to read
The Psychological Dimension of Russian Foreign Policy: Putin and the Annexation of Crimea – By Christer Pursiainen & Tuomas Forsberg. Click here to read
Critical infrastructure resilience: A Nordic model in the making? – By Christer Pursiainen. Click here to read