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Maaike Knol-Kauffman

Norges fiskerihøgskole




My research focuses on the (environmental) governance of marine economic activities. In several projects I have studied aspects of the regulation of oil and gas activities, such as risk governance related to acute pollution and normal operational activity. Other central research themes are integrated, ecosystem-based management, marine spatial planning and Arctic marine governance. Currently, I work on projects that study weather and sea ice information systems and how these are used among actors in the shipping-, cruise- and fishing industry in the Arctic. Theoretically, I draw most of my inspiration from Science and Technology Studies.


  • 2011: PhD in social sciences, University of Tromsø
  • 2007: MSc in International Development Studies, Wageningen University

Arbeider i CRIStin

  • Arbo, Peter; Knol, Maaike; Linke, Sebastian; St. Martin, Kevin John. The transformation of the oceans and the future of marine social science. (fulltekst) Maritime Studies 2018; Volum 17 (3). ISSN 1872-7859.s 295 - 304.s doi: 10.1007/s40152-018-0117-5.

  • Knol, Maaike; Arbo, Peter; Duske, Paula; Gerland, Sebastian; Lamers, Machiel; Pavlova, Olga; Sivle, Anders Doksæter; Tronstad, Stein. Making the Arctic predictable: the changing information infrastructure of Arctic weather and sea ice services. Polar Geography 2018. ISSN 1088-937X.s 1 - 16.s doi: 10.1080/1088937X.2018.1522382.

  • Lamers, Machiel; Alexey, Pristupa; Amelung, Bas; Knol, Maaike. The changing role of environmental information in Arctic marine governance. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 2016; Volum 18. ISSN 1877-3435.s 49 - 55.s doi: 10.1016/j.cosust.2015.08.015.

  • Flannery, Wesley; Ellis, Geraint; Nursey-Bray, Melissa; van Tatenhove, Jan P.M.; Kelly, Christina; Coffen-Smout, Scott; Fairgrieve, Rhona; Knol, Maaike; Jentoft, Svein; Bacon, David; O'Hagan, Anne Marie. Exploring the winners and losers of marine environmental governance/Marine spatial planning: Cui bono?/“More than fishy business”: epistemology, integration and conflict in marine spatial planning/Marine spatial planning: power and scaping/Surely not all planning is evil?/Marine spatial planning: a Canadian perspective/Maritime spatial planning – “ad utilitatem omnium”/Marine spatial planning: “it is better to be on the train than being hit by it”/Reflections from the perspective of recreational. Planning Theory & Practice 2016; Volum 17 (1). ISSN 1464-9357.s 121 - 151.s doi: 10.1080/14649357.2015.1131482.

  • Thoman, Rick L; Dawson, Jackie; Liggett, Daniela; Lamers, Machiel; Stewart, Emma; Ljubicic, Gita; Knol, Maaike; Hoke, Winfried. Understanding the creation and use of polar weather and climate information. Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS) 2016; Volum 98 (1). ISSN 0003-0007.s ES3 - ES5.s doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0195.1.

  • Jentoft, Svein; Knol, Maaike. Marine spatial planning: Risk or opportunity for fisheries in the north sea?. Maritime Studies 2014; Volum 13 (1). ISSN 1872-7859.s 1 - 16.s doi: 10.1186/2212-9790-13-1.

  • Knol, Maaike; Arbo, Peter. Oil spill response in the Arctic: Norwegian experiences and future perspectives. Marine Policy 2014; Volum 50. ISSN 0308-597X.s 171 - 177.s doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2014.06.003.

  • Knol, Maaike. Making ecosystem-based management operational: Integrated monitoring in Norway. Maritime Studies 2013; Volum 12 (5). ISSN 1872-7859.s 1 - 17.s doi: 10.1186/2212-9790-12-5.

  • Arbo, Peter; Iversen, Audun; Knol, Maaike; Ringholm, Toril M; Sander, Gunnar. Arctic futures: conceptualizations and images of a changing Arctic. Polar Geography 2012. ISSN 1088-937X.s doi: 10.1080/1088937X.2012.724462.

  • Knol, Maaike. The uncertainties of precaution: Zero discharges in the Barents Sea. Marine Policy 2011; Volum 35 (3). ISSN 0308-597X.s 399 - 404.s doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2010.10.018.

  • Knol, Maaike. Mapping ocean governance: from ecological values to policy instrumentation. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 2011; Volum 54 (7). ISSN 0964-0568.s 979 - 995.s doi: 10.1080/09640568.2010.547686.

  • Knol, Maaike. Mot en miljøorientering i planlegging av petroleumsvirksomheten? : integrert forvaltning av Barentshavet og havområdene utenfor Lofoten. Gyldendal Akademisk 2010 ISBN 978-82-05-40380-2.s 240 - 255.

  • Knol, Maaike. Constructing knowledge gaps in Barents Sea management: how uncertainties become objects of risk. Maritime Anthropological Studies 2010; Volum 9 (1). ISSN 0922-1476.s 61 - 79.

  • Knol, Maaike. Scientific advice in integrated ocean management: The process towards the Barents Sea plan. Marine Policy 2010; Volum 34 (2). ISSN 0308-597X.s 252 - 260.s doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2009.07.009.

  • Jeuring, Jelmer; Knol, Maaike. Toward salient metocean services for the marine Arctic: exploring metservice perspectives on the user-producer interface. Year of Polar Prediction - Arctic Science Workshop 2019-01-14 - 2019-01-16 2019.

  • Stocker, Alexandra; Renner, Angelika; Knol-Kauffman, Maaike. Ice edge retreating: influence on maritime traffic around Svalbard. Arctic Frontiers 2019-01-20 - 2019-01-25 2019.

  • Jeuring, Jelmer; Knol-Kauffman, Maaike. Mapping Weather, Water, Ice and Climate Knowledge & Information Needs for Maritime Activities in the Arctic. Survey Report. 2019.

  • van Leeuwen, Judith; Voyer, Michelle; van Tatenhove, Jan; Fabinyi, Michael; Barclay, Kate; Scobie, Michelle; Knol-Kauffman, Maaike. Setting a social scientific research agenda for the Blue Economy. MARE People and the Sea X 2019-06-25 - 2019-06-28 2019.

  • Knol-Kauffman, Maaike; Jeuring, Jelmer; Doksæter Sivle, Anders. Toward valuable weather and sea ice services for the marine Arctic. MARE People and the Sea X 2019-06-25 - 2019-06-28 2019.

  • Knol, Maaike; Sivle, Anders Doksæter; Lamers, Machiel; Arbo, Peter. User-engagement in weather and sea ice forecasting for the European Arctic marine areas. Arctic Frontiers 2018-01-21 - 2018-01-26 2018.

  • Jeuring, Jelmer; Knol, Maaike. Communicating metocean information for Arctic marine tourism: expertise, timeliness and interactions. 27th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hosptality Research 2018-09-24 - 2018-09-26 2018.

  • Knol, Maaike. Co-production of weather and sea ice services for the marine Arctic. Nor-Fishing 2018-08-21 - 2018-08-21 2018.

  • Lamers, Machiel; Knol, Maaike; Müller, Malte; Blair, Berill; Jeuring, Jelmer; Rasmussen, Till Andreas Soya; Sivle, Anders Doksæter. Enhancing the saliency of climate services for marine mobility sectors in European Arctic seas (SALIENSEAS): Stakeholder Advisory Group Workshop Report. 2018.

  • Knol, Maaike; Arbo, Peter; Gerland, Sebastian; Pavlova, Olga; Tronstad, Stein; Lamers, Machiel; Sivle, Anders Doksæter. Arctic weather and sea ice information infrastructures: dynamics and drivers. Fram Forum 2018. ISSN 1893-5532.

  • Knol, Maaike; Arbo, Peter; Doksæter Sivle, Anders; Duske, Paula; Gerland, Sebastian; Lamers, Machiel; Pavlova, Olga; Tronstad, Stein. Information systems for the Arctic marine areas: Drivers, dynamics and paradoxes. International Congress on Arctic Social Sciences 2017-06-08 - 2017-06-12 2017.

  • Knol, Maaike. Dynamics and drivers of Arctic sea ice information infrastructures. Mapping Sea Ice Characteristics Relevant for Arctic Coastal Ecosystems 2017-12-04 - 2017-12-04 2017.

  • Lamers, Machiel; Knol, Maaike; Ljubicic, Gita. Exploring the user-producer interface of weather and sea ice information for Arctic marine mobilities: a dedicated session at the Ninth International Congress on Arctic Social Sciences (ICASS). The Polar Journal 2017; Volum 7 (2). ISSN 2154-896X.s 434 - 436.s doi: 10.1080/2154896X.2017.1394108.

  • Knol, Maaike. Marine governance and marine spatial planning in a rapidly transforming Arctic. Guest lecture for Master students in International Fisheries Management 2017-10-11 - 2017-10-11 2017.

  • Knol, Maaike. Weather and sea ice information systems in support of maritime mobilities in the Arctic. MARE People and the Sea ix 2017-07-05 - 2017-07-07 2017.

  • Knol, Maaike. Oljevernberedskap som inngangsbillett til nye leteområder. Peter F. Hjort seminar 2016-03-16 - 2016-03-16 2016.

  • Knol, Maaike. Oljevernberedskap som inngangsbillett til nye leteområder i Arktis. Lørdagsuniversitetet 2016-02-13 - 2016-02-13 2016.

  • Knol, Maaike; Arbo, Peter; Pötter, Sarah. Making risk acceptable: oil spill preparedness and response in the Arctic. Arctic Frontiers 2016-01-24 - 2016-01-29 2016.

  • Solås, Ann-Magnhild; Knol, Maaike; Arbo, Peter. Involving the industry: Regulation of discharges from petroleum activities in the Arctic. 2015 Arctic Frontiers Climate and Energy 2015-01-22 - 2015.

  • Knol, Maaike; Bavinck, Maarten; Holm, Petter; Johnsen, Jahn Petter; van Leeuwen, Judith; Pascual-Fernandez, Jose J.; Raakjær, Jesper; van Tatenhove, Jan. Innovative marine governance for Blue Growth: Setting a research and training agenda. Mare Conference People and the Sea VIII 2015-06-24 - 2015-06-26 2015.

  • Knol, Maaike; Arbo, Peter. Oil spill response in the Arctic: Norwegian experiences and future perspectives. Arctic Frontiers 2014-01-20 - 2014-01-25 2014.

  • Heldal, Hilde Elise; Kvalvik, Ingrid; Knol, Maaike; Eikelmann, Inger Margrethe; Altintzoglou, Themistoklis. New and expanding industries in the north – assessment, management and communication of risk. Fram Forum 2014. ISSN 1893-5532.s 82 - 83.

  • Knol, Maaike. Oil spill response in the Arctic: Norwegian experiences and future perspectives. The Arctic Circle Conference 2013-10-11 - 2013-10-14 2013.

  • Knol, Maaike; Arbo, Peter. Oil spill response in the Arctic: Norwegian experiences and future perspectives. Arctic Energy Summit 2013-10-08 - 2013-10-10 2013.

  • Knol, Maaike. Risiko, kunnskapsproduksjon og konsekvenser for helhetlig forvaltning. Workshop: Risikoforvaltning, fiskeri og nye næringer i Nord 2013-09-17 - 2013-09-18 2013.

  • Knol, Maaike. Nordøstpasjonen - Spillet om det ville Arktis! (Fra vitenskap til politikk i Arktis). Researchers Night: Nordøstpasjonen - Spillet om det ville Arktis! 2013-09-27 - 2013-09-27 2013.

  • Knol, Maaike; Arbo, Peter. Ocean governance in a sea of ignorance. MARE People and the Sea Conference 2013-06-26 - 2013-06-28 2013.

  • Arbo, Peter; Knol, Maaike; Sander, Gunnar. Arctic marine governance. MARE People and the Sea Conference 2013-06-26 - 2013-06-28 2013.

  • Knol, Maaike. Planning at the interface of science and politics: petroleum activity in the Barents Sea. PhD course 2013-03-07 - 2013-03-07 2013.

  • Knol, Maaike. Arctic Futures: Images of a transforming region. ENP Research Colloquium 2013-01-08 - 2013-01-08 2013.

  • Knol, Maaike. Arctic Futures: Images and conceptualisations of a changing Arctic. APECS Webinar 2012-12-12 - 2012-12-12 2012.

  • Knol, Maaike. Constructivism and post-constructivism: The methodological implications of employing a post-constructivist research approach. prøveforelesning 2011-03-25 - 2011-03-25 2011.

  • Knol, Maaike. Onderzoek en onderwijs aan de faculteit voor Biowetenschappen, Visserij en Economie. Presentation with Dutch high-school students 2011-05-10 - 2011-05-11 2011.

  • Knol, Maaike. Marine Ecosystem Governance in the Making: Planning for petroleum activity in the Barents Sea-Lofoten area. 2011 ISBN 978-82-8266-008-2.

  • Knol, Maaike. Risk in ocean governance - Oil and gas activities in an integrated management framework. Guest Lecture at University of Amsterdam 2010-09-17 - 2010-09-17 2010.

  • Knol, Maaike. Constructing knowledge gaps in Barents Sea management - how uncertainties become objects of risk. People and the Sea Conference, MARE, Amsterdam 2009-07-09 - 2009-07-11 2009.

  • Knol, Maaike. Marine environmental politics. Norway and the Barents Sea. Guest lecture in Environmental Politics course 2009-04-03 - 2009-04-03 2009.

  • Knol, Maaike. Science and politics in the Arctic. The role of expert knowledge in Barents Sea governance. Arctic Frontiers Conference 2009-01-22 - 2009-01-22 2009.

  • Knol, Maaike. Ecosystem-based management and petroleum development in the Norwegian Barents Sea. Mapping the Unmappable?. Arctic Frontiers Conference 2008-01-21 - 2008-01-25 2008.