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Velina Ninkova

Institutt for samfunnsvitenskap


My project is entitled “Does education make a difference? Subsistence, employment and the role of education for the San in the Omaheke Region, Namibia and Ghanzi District, Botswana”. The project seeks to challenge the hegemonic metaphor within the international development discourse that education has inherent transformative powers, and hypothesizes that unless local circumstances are taken into consideration, provision of access to mainstream education is not causing any positive changes for the San people in Namibia and Botswana. The main objectives of my project are to 1) make an assessment of the socioeconomic situation of the San in two specific regions in Namibia and Botswana and see whether there is a positive relation between school-gained knowledge or certificates and wage employment, 2) examine the viable subsistence options for the San, and 3) explore the relationship between formal education and traditional modes of knowledge transmission, and see whether they can be implemented as complementary and not as mutually exclusive practices.

Arbeider i CRIStin

  • Ninkova, Velina. Not foragers, not not-foragers: The case of the Omaheke Ju/'hoansi. Senri Ethnological Studies 2017. ISSN 0387-6004.s 235 - 254.

  • Hays, Jennifer; Ninkova, Velina. Vertical and Horizontal Mobility among the Ju|’hoansi of Namibia. Peter Lang Publishing Group 2018 ISBN 978-1-78707-550-4.s 99 - 130.

  • Ninkova, Velina. "Now that we have development": Change, resilience and education for the Omaheke Ju/'hoansi. 2017.

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